As taken from the ArcView™ 3.2 Help System
The Binary Raster File format is a simple format that can be used to transfer raster data between various applications. It consists of two files, the IEEE floating-point file and a supporting ASCII header file. The header file must have the same name as the data file, but with a .hdr file extension. The header data includes the following keywords and values:
- ncols – number of columns in the data set.
- nrows – number of rows in the data set.
- xllcenter or xllcorner – x-coordinate of the center or lower-left corner of the lower-left cell.
- yllcenter or yllcorner – y-coordinate of the center or lower-left corner of the lower-left cell.
- cellsize – cell size for the data set.
- nodata_value – value in the file assigned to cells whose value is unknown. This keyword and value is optional. The nodata_value defaults to -9999.
- byteorder – the byte order of the binary cell values. You can choose between two keywords, msbfirst or lsbfirst. Msbfirst is used for cell values written with the most significant bit first. Lsbfirst is used for cell values written with the least significant bit first.
Header file example,
The data file will be a matrix of 32 bit signed IEEE floating-point values. The file will have a line of binary numbers for each row in the data set. The first line of data is the top row of the data set, moving from left to right. The Binary Raster File format can be imported using the Spatial or 3D Analyst extensions for ArcView™ 3.x or ArcGIS™.
ArcView™ 3.2 Help System